Article by: Lanzo Plath
Zoanthids, (Zoanthidea or Zoanthininiaria) or "Zoas" as we call them in the hobby, are an order of Cnidarians found on coral reefs. These are animals that come in a big variety of colour. The term “zoanthid” refers to all animals within the Zoantharia, and shouldn’t be confused with “Zoanthus” which is a Genus within Zoantharia.
Lighting Your Marine Aquarium
Article By: Ruberto Frazao
There are a multitude of lighting solutions for aquariums these days. But which are the best, and what are the pros and cons of each?
Article by: Brian Marais
Upon first glance at a tunicate (Sea Squirt), one would assume that these creatures are primitive, even alien. This couldn't be further from the truth, as they are highly evolved organisms and fall in the phylum Chordata, which is the same phylum as we humans.
Article by Deon Trollip
Seachem has put in a lot of research into their dry foods the last couple of years and all of their foods throughout the range have very interesting ingredients and no low-nutritional value fillers. When compared to other leading dry foods, Seachem foods are, gram for gram, more nutritional and contain more protein.
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Star Grass (Heteranthera zosterifolia)
Light Needs: Moderate
Growth Rate: Fast
Water Parameters: 19 to 28 degrees Celsius, pH 5.0 to 7.0
Heteranthera zosterifolia is delicate stem plant that works well as a background or mid-ground feature in platned aquariums. Don't let the apparent ease of this plant lull you into a false sense of security either, as there are things this plant requires in order for it to flourish. For instance, CO2 is a must and it requires medium high lighting of about 0.75w - 1w per litre of water. It has also been said that it prefers a General Hardness of between 3 and 12dKH, making it quite resilient and remarkably adaptable to change.
It will be impossible to write about each and every single species of killifish, as there are over 1200 recorded species of killis. They all are fairly similar with a few exceptions here and there. For instance, some shoal quite nicely while others portray territorial behaviours not much unlike some cichlids.
For the most part, they are fairly easy to keep and will accept a range of water parameters. Keeping males and femailes in at least a 3:1 ratio could even result in successful breeding. One thing is definitely for certain, though. Killifish will certainly add some interesting colour to your aquarium, as killifish seem to transcend the mundane and add an extraordinary virbrance to aquariums; something that is often missing in most ordinary aquariums.